Land Area Calculation Units
What Are the Different Land Area Calculation Units Used in India

What Are the Different Land Area Calculation Units Used in India?

6 mins read

India is the seventh largest country in the world and occupies almost 2.4% of the world’s total land area. Now, a lot of units are used for the measurement of land, square feet (sq. ft) being the most commonly used in India and other countries too. This unit is universally used in the sense that land developers are advised to notify the area of the land in sq. ft.

To secure a loan against property, it is necessary to have adequate knowledge about the land area. The unique thing about India is that distinct land measurement units are used in different parts of India, as discussed below. In this article, we look at some of the most common use land area calculation units in India.

Land Measurement Units Used in North and West India


This unit is used in parts of Himachal Pradesh, UP, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Punjab, and Haryana. The value of bigha is not constant. It varies considerably from one state to another, ranging from 16,150 to 72,880 sq. ft. and going up to133,000 sq. ft. Although bigha is a traditional unit of measurement, it is not used in any of the southern states of India. 


Biswa does not have any standard value throughout India. Mostly used in the states of UP, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh, its value stands from anywhere between 50 to 150 sq. yards. 1 biswa when converted is 1,350 sq. ft.


This land area calculation unit is used in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana. It is also widely used in Pakistan. This unit was standardized during British rule and one kanal is equal to 5,445 sq. ft.


The states of Haryana and Punjab are where this unit is used. It is mostly used for measuring rectangular pieces of land. 1 killa equals 43,560 sq. ft.


This unit is commonly used in the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. Ghumao is equivalent to one acre. When converted, one ghumao is equal to 43,560 sq. ft. 


Gaj is mostly applied in the states of Delhi, Punjab, and Haryana. It is also referred to as the term ‘yards’ in many places. One gaj is 9 sq. ft. Gaj had been used in various parts of India since the Mughal and British rules. Now it has been constricted strictly to the northern part of India. 


Marla is commonly used in Punjab and Haryana. This unit was standardized during British rule and is equal to 272.25 sq. ft. It is also widely used in Bangladesh and Pakistan. 

Land Measurement Units Used in East India


This unit, also becoming obsolete now, is still used in the states of West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, and Jharkhand. It originated during the Pala Empire. Its value also differs from place to place, ranging between 600 to 2,800 sq. ft. Apart from India, kattha is also used in Nepal and Bangladesh. 


Chatak is usually used mostly in West Bengal, but also has its traces in Bangladesh. One chatak equals 45 sq. ft. 


Dhur is commonly used in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, UP, and Tripura. Its value depends from one state to another. Like, in Tripura 1 dhur is equal to 3.6 sq. ft. whereas in Bihar 1 dhur is considerably over 68 sq. ft. 


Assam uses this unit for its land measurement. 1 lecha equals 144 sq. ft. 

If you are looking to know the valuation of your land or secure a loan against property, you should keep in mind all these measurement units during your land area calculation process, It it quite different from one place to another. India is a very big constituency so if you need exact land area conversion you must understand how to use this online tool according to your requirements.

Land Measurement Units Used in South India


Guntha is used in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Karnataka. It is generally used in rural areas for the measurement of small land property. 1 guntha equals 1,089 sq. ft.


This unit is widely applied in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. It is generally used to measure smaller plots of land. One cent equals 435.6 sq. ft. 


It is commonly used in Andhra Pradesh. When converted, one kuncham equals 4,356 sq. ft. 


Ground is applied in Tamil Nadu. One Ground has 2,400 sq. ft. of land.


Ankanam is a unit widely used in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. This unit makes it easier to calculate the cost of a land area, making it quite popular. One Ankanam when converted is equal to 72 sq. ft.


To sum up, you must have to know a complete understanding of each and every unit that is used around your nearby location, hope this article will help you find what you are looking for.

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